Provincetown

   Located on the harbor side of the far end of Cape Cod, Provincetown marks the spot where the Mayflower Pilgrims first made landfall before putting in at Plymouth Rock. Before the 20th century, Provincetown was primarily a fishing port, sending out fleets of whalers and other commercial fishing vessels. Numerous wooden wharves were built to support those industries, and it was on one of those wharves that American modernist theatre can be said to have begun. Mary Heaton Vorse was a well-educated woman who spent summers in Provincetown from 1906. Little by little she attracted other creative people from Greenwich Village. By the summer of 1915 a group of writers that included Neith Boyce and her husband Hutchins Hapgood, George Cram Cook and his wife Susan Glaspell, and others were reading and performing their own plays on the Hapgoods' veranda overlooking the harbor. Needing more space, they moved the productions to a fishhouse at the end of Lewis Wharf, which Vorse owned.
   The following summer marked the turning point, for a young writer named Eugene O'Neill joined the group and his one-act play Bound East for Cardiff was chosen for production on the wharf. A week before its opening, a fire destroyed one of the three buildings on the wharf, but the fishhouse survived. On 18 July 1916, with fog rolling in and water lapping beneath the floor, the playwriting talent that would galvanize the American stage made its debut. The excitement of that work impelled the group to organize themselves as the Provincetown Players in order to continue producing new plays in Greenwich Village in New York City in the fall. O'Neill spent nine summers in Provincetown and wrote many of his early plays there. Lewis Wharf collapsed in 1922, but other venues in Provincetown attracted successive theatre groups. Among them were Provincetown Theatre on Whalers' Wharf (from 1919), the Barnstormers (intermittently after 1922), the Wharf Theatre (1923-1940), Provincetown Playhouse on the Wharf (1941-1977). Tennessee Williams* began summering in Provincetown in 1940. A new playhouse, the Provinc-etown Theatre, opened in 2003 and serves as home for both Prov-incetown Theatre Company and Provincetown Repertory Theatre. Leona Rust Egan has chronicled much of the history of theatre in Provincetown in various publications.

The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Provincetown — Lage in Massachusetts …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Provincetown — Provincetown, MA U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 3192 Housing Units (2000): 3712 Land area (2000): 1.814383 sq. miles (4.699229 sq. km) Water area (2000): 3.433024 sq. miles (8.891492 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Provincetown, MA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 3192 Housing Units (2000): 3712 Land area (2000): 1.814383 sq. miles (4.699229 sq. km) Water area (2000): 3.433024 sq. miles (8.891492 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.247407 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Provincetown — (spr. prówwinstaun), Stadt im nordamerikan. Staate Massachusetts, an der äußersten Spitze der Cape Cod Halbinsel, malerischer alter Fischerort (Kabeljau und Makrelenfang), mit gutem Hafen und (1900) 4247 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Provincetown — [präv′ins toun΄] [after Province Lands, title of public land at the end of Cape Cod] resort town in Mass., at the N tip of Cape Cod: pop. 3,400 …   English World dictionary

  • Provincetown — 42° 03′ 30″ N 70° 10′ 45″ W / 42.058333, 70.179167 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Provincetown — /prov ins town /, n. a town at the tip of Cape Cod, in SE Massachusetts: resort. 3536. * * * Town (pop., 2000: 3,431), eastern Massachusetts, U.S. At the northern tip of Cape Cod, Provincetown was the first landing place of the Pilgrims in 1620,… …   Universalium

  • Provincetown — Localidad (pob., 2000: 3.431 hab.) en el este del estado de Massachusetts en EE.UU. Provincetown, que se encuentra en el extremo norte de cabo Cod, fue el primer lugar donde desembarcaron los peregrinos en 1620 y en su puerto se redactó el pacto… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Provincetown — Original name in latin Provincetown Name in other language PVC State code US Continent/City America/New York longitude 42.05844 latitude 70.17864 altitude 9 Population 2642 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Provincetown — Prov•ince•town [[t]ˈprɒv ɪnsˌtaʊn[/t]] n. geg a town at the tip of Cape Cod, in SE Massachusetts: resort. 3536 …   From formal English to slang

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